How Childhood Obesity Influences Dental Health

Obese child with snacks and controller on couch

Obesity has been emphasized across our healthcare industry as a highly prevalent issue for today’s generation. Being overweight or obese has been shown to lead to numerous health issues later on in life, increasing the risk of developing diabetes, heart disease, and cancer. For our oral health, being overweight can impact our teeth and gums, as the various foods eaten can contain an increasingly dangerous level of carbohydrates and processed sugars, causing an increase in cavities and gum disease among those obese. However, where does the line between dentistry management and overall health play hand-in-hand? How does obesity affect dental health, and how can dentists help provide solutions to these issues?

The Link Between Obesity and Oral Health

The CDC often measures excess amounts of body fat as a way of comparing weight to height, taking in factors such as age and overall health to determine the percentile of body fat required to maintain a healthy lifestyle. For children and teenagers, it’s especially important to consider how their overall weight affects their body composition and how their nutrition, genetics, and environment play into their overall BMI. However, how obesity connects to oral health considers many of these factors, as these both correlate and share common risk factors.

According to a study conducted by the International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry, childhood obesity and its correlation with cavities and gum disease are affected by factors such as lack of physical activity, changes in eating habits, and social changes. Because childhood is such as critical point of development, both obesity and dental diseases present some of the greatest public health burdens because of their adverse impact on their growth. When behaviors are altered and form into unhealthy habits, their oral health becomes impacted as well.

Within the study, researchers found that increased caloric intake with highly processed sugars and fats, alongside a lack of exercise, is responsible for the onset of multiple health conditions, including an association with cavities. Eating fewer fruits and vegetables reduces children’s fiber intake, and the unavailability of a nutritious, healthy diet overall has been shown to increase cavities and gum disease in children. This positive correlation creates risk factors for other health conditions in later life.

How Dentists Can Provide You With Help

When it comes to addressing obesity, dentists present a unique position, where their insights can offer extensive help towards giving parents better options for their child’s health. Dentists can provide numerous solutions that can address these issues and help change and transform lifestyle habits into a more prospective outlook for their future. These various solutions can include:

  • Identifying Increased Risks – While dentists aren’t able to diagnose diseases outside of oral health, dentists can identify the increased risk of certain diseases based on their current oral health and other factors.
  • Discussing Diet and Guidance – Diet plays more than a significant role in oral health, and dentists can provide recommendations beneficial for both the mouth and the entire body.
  • Provide Compassionate Advice – When addressing weight, dentists working cooperatively with parents should provide a safe, compassionate space that provides an understanding of the environmental factors contributing to their child’s health.
  • Extend Medical Collaboration – No one processional can solve obesity single-handedly, and dentists can ultimately collaborate with other members of their healthcare team to help them have better health.
Dr. Mayuri Appareddy

Dr. Mayuri Appareddy
cares for medically complex and special needs children with experience and compassion. Her appreciation for the parent-child bond has led her to earn her degree in Doctor of Dental Medicine at The University of Pennsylvania and help children receive dental treatment in Richmond, TX at Kids 360 Pediatric Dentistry.

Dr. Mayuri Appareddy

Dr. Mayuri Appareddy
cares for medically complex and special needs children with experience and compassion. Her appreciation for the parent-child bond has led her to earn her degree in Doctor of Dental Medicine at The University of Pennsylvania and help children receive dental treatment in Richmond, TX at Kids 360 Pediatric Dentistry.

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